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Open Access Self-Reported Sensory Impairment and Life Satisfaction in Older French-Speaking Adults Auto-signalement de déficiences auditives et visuelles et satisfaction à la vie chez les aînés francophones

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of sensory impairments to life satisfaction in the elderly. A secondary data analysis was conducted with 826 older French-speaking participants in a larger study. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to determine the role played by 4 sets of variables in life satisfaction. The demographic variables included age, sex, education, and income. The health variables included number of chronic illnesses, functional limitations, and story recall. There were 4 lifestyle variables: social support, social activity, physical activity, and perceived control. The sensory impairment variables included vision and hearing. The final model explained 36% of the variance. All variables except story recall and physical activity were found to be significant. Although health explained a larger percentage of the variance, the sensory impairment variables contributed significantly to the model. The findings indicate that vision and hearing are important components of life satisfaction.

French
La présente étude a pour but d'examiner la contribution des déficiences auditives et visuelles sur la satisfaction à la vie. L'analyse des données secondaires a porté sur un échantillon de 826 personnes âgées ayant participé à l'enquête Vieillir dans la communauté : santé et autonomie. Une analyse de régression multiple hiérarchique fut utilisée afin d'évaluer la contribution de quatre groupes de variables. Les variables démographiques incluent l'âge, le sexe, le niveau de scolarité et le revenu, tandis que les variables de santé comportent le nombre de maladies chroniques, les limites fonctionnelles et le rappel. Les quatre variables de style de vie sont le soutien social, les activités sociales et physiques ainsi que le contrôle de son sort. Le dernier groupe de variables comprend les déficiences auditives et visuelles. Le modèle final explique 36 % de la variance. Toutes les variables sont significatives, sauf le rappel et les activités physiques. Bien que les variables de santé expliquent une plus grande part de la variance, les déficiences auditives et visuelles contribuent significativement au modèle. Ces résultats indiquent l'importance des composantes visuelles et auditives dans la satisfaction à la vie.

Keywords: LIFE SATISFACTION; OLDER ADULTS; SENSORY IMPAIRMENTS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2007

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