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Open Access Measuring Dietary Intake in Nursing Research Le mesurage de l'apport alimentaire en recherche infirmière

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Accurately assessing dietary intake is an essential component of international health research to identify nutritional deviations that may place people at risk for developing chronic diseases. Accurate assessment may be hampered by failure to address known measurement problems with traditional dietary assessment tools. This article describes the application and advantages and disadvantages of 5 frequently used dietary assessment methods, discusses the management of measurement error common to each, and recommends use of these methods in community-based health research. Using complementary assessment methods at multiple measurement points enhances the reliability of the findings. Assessing overall dietary quality is consistent with a holistic approach to interventions designed to improve health and is a valuable methodology for nutritional research. Using innovative approaches may more accurately identify dietary patterns that contribute to disease development. Although complex, examining nutritional intake in health research is essential to determining an individual's disease risk status and response to treatment.

L'évaluation précise de l'apport alimentaire est une composante essentielle qui doit être intégrée à la recherche internationale en santé afin d'identifier les déviations nutritionnelles pouvant entraîner des risques de maladies chroniques chez les individus. Une incapacité à se pencher sur les problèmes connus qu'entraîne l'utilisation d'outils de mesurage alimentaire traditionnels peut entraver la réalisation d'une évaluation précise. Cet article décrit l'application ainsi que les avantages et les désavantages de cinq méthodes d'évaluation alimentaire fréquemment utilisées. Les auteures discutent également de la gestion des erreurs de mesurage associées à chacune d'elles et recommandent l'utilisation de ces méthodes dans le cadre de recherches communautaires portant sur la santé. L'utilisation de méthodes d'évaluation complémentaires à plusieurs étapes de mesurage améliore la fiabilité des résultats. Le recours à une évaluation de la qualité générale de l'apport alimentaire correspond à une approche d'intervention holistique conçue pour améliorer la santé. C'est aussi un outil méthodologique qui s'avère intéressant pour la recherche nutritionnelle. L'utilisation d'approches novatrices pourra permettre d'identifier avec plus de précision les tendances alimentaires contribuant à l'apparition de maladies. Bien que complexe, l'étude de l'apport alimentaire en recherche sur la santé s'avère une étape essentielle à l'identification du risque de maladie chez un individu et de sa réaction au traitement.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-06-01

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