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Open Access Double Binding, Abusive Intimate Partner Relationships, and Pregnancy Double attachement, violence conjugale et grossesse

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The purpose of this study was to extend and integrate the process theories of abuse and becoming a mother in order to provide a contextually appropriate perspective for understanding women's behavioural responses to intimate partner abuse during pregnancy. Double binding is proposed as a construct for understanding intimate partner abuse during pregnancy. Double binding refers to the simultaneous and often conflicting psychological and social processes of binding-in to the unborn child and to the abusive intimate partner that women engage in as they perform the developmental tasks associated with becoming a mother while living with an abusive partner. This construct was developed through an inductive-deductive process using clinical experience, a literature review, and qualitative data from 2 studies of abuse during pregnancy. The authors conclude that double binding is a suitable lens through which to interpret pregnant women's behavioural responses to abuse. They offer suggestions regarding clinical practice and research to further develop appropriate interventions incorporating this construct.

Cette étude visait à intégrer les théories du processus de la motivation afin de définir un cadre d'analyse pertinent qui pourrait servir à expliquer les réactions comportementales des femmes face à la violence conjugale pendant la grossesse. Pour analyser le phénomène, les auteures proposent le concept de double attachement. Cette notion désigne les mécanismes psychologiques et sociaux simultanés et bien souvent conflictuels qui amènent la future mère vivant aux côtés d'un conjoint violent à s'attacher, au fil des tâches développementales associées à son nouveau rôle, à l'enfant encore à naître et à son partenaire intime. Le concept de double attachement est l'aboutissement d'un processus inductifdéductif fondé sur l'expérience en milieu clinique, une recension de la documentation et des données qualitatives provenant de deux études sur la violence pendant la grossesse. Les auteures arrivent à la conclusion qu'il offre un cadre utile pour interpréter les réactions comportementales des femmes enceintes face à la violence. Elles suggèrent des avenues de recherche et d'intervention qui permettront de mettre au point des méthodes qui s'en inspirent.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2006

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