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Open Access Field Testing the WHOQOL-100 in Canada Essai pratique du WHOQOL-100 au Canada

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The purpose of this project was to test the WHOQOL-100, an instrument for assessing quality of life (QOL), developed to facilitate cross-cultural comparison. The instrument was tested with a convenience sample of 144 people. The mean age of participants was 58 years and 41% were female. Test-retest reliability was .86 for the physical domain, .78 for the psychological domain, .91 for independence, .87 for social relationships, .77 for environment, and .60 for spirituality. Consistency reliability was .77 for physical, .79 for psychological, .89 for independence, .71 for social relationships, .80 for environment, and .89 for spirituality/personal beliefs. Correlations of the various domains with other instruments, including the SF-36, the Self-Anchoring Striving Scale, and the Visual Analogue Scale for Pain, supported the convergent validity of the instrument. The instrument was able to discriminate between healthy and ill populations, providing support for construct validity.

L'objectif de ce projet était de mettre à l'essai le WHOQOL-100, un instrument servant à évaluer la qualité de vie (QDV) conçu pour faciliter les comparaisons interculturelles. L'instrument a été testé à partir d'un échantillon de commodité de 144 personnes. L'âge moyen des participants était de 58 ans, et 41 % d'entre eux étaient des femmes. La fidélité de test-retest était de 0,86 pour le domaine physique, 0,78 pour le domaine psychologique, 0,91 pour l'indépendance, 0,87 pour les relations sociales, 0,77 pour l'environnement et 0,60 pour la spiritualité. La cohérence interne était de 0,77 pour le domaine physique, 0,79 pour le domaine psychologique, 0,89 pour l'indépendance, 0,71 pour les relations sociales, 0,80 pour l'environnement et 0,89 pour la spiritualité/les croyances personnelles. Les corrélations entre les divers domaines et les mesures correspondantes effectuées par d'autres instruments, notamment le SF-36, la Self-Anchoring Striving Scale et la Visual Analogue Scale for Pain, ont étayé la validité convergente de l'instrument. Celui-ci a permis de différencier les populations saines des populations malsaines, ce qui vient étayer sa validité conceptuelle.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-09-01

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