Skip to main content

Open Access Relationship among Employment Status, Stressful Life Events, and Depression in Single Mothers Les liens entre la situation par rapport à l'emploi, les événements de vie stressants et la dépression chez les mères monoparentales

Download Article:
(PDF 196.3 kb)
This purpose of this study was to extend our understanding of employment status as a social determinant of psychological distress among single mothers. A cross-sectional survey assessing stressful life events and depression was completed with 96 single mothers (48 employed and 48 social assistance [SA] recipients) between November 2003 and March 2004. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was significantly higher for the SA recipients. Mild, moderate, and severe depressive symptoms were reported by 2%, 23%, and 67%, respectively, of SA recipients. Total stressful events were markedly greater for SA recipients. In addition, SA recipients reported larger numbers of housing, health, social, and financial stressors. Regression analysis indicated that 40.6% of the variation in depressive symptoms among single mothers was explained by their employment status and stressful events. The findings suggest that women's employment status significantly impacts on their psychological well-being. Implications for nursing practice, policy development, and future research are identified and discussed.

Cette étude vise à comprendre davantage le rôle de la situation de l'emploi comme déterminant social de la détresse psychologique chez les mères monoparentales. Une enquête transversale étudiant les événements de vie stressants et la dépression a été réalisée auprès de 96 mères monoparentales (48 détenaient un emploi et 48 étaient bénéficiaires d'aide sociale [AS]), de novembre 2003 à mars 2004. La prévalence de symptômes de dépression était significativement supérieure chez les bénéficiaires d'AS. Des symptômes légers, modérés et graves ont été rapportés chez respectivement 2 %, 23 % et 67 % des bénéficiaires d'AS. Le taux d'événements stressants était nettement plus élevé chez les assistées sociales. De plus, ces dernières ont signalé la présence d'un plus grand nombre d'agents stresseurs liés au logement, à la santé, aux interactions sociales et à l'argent. Une analyse de régression a indiqué que 40,6 % de la variation relative aux symptômes de dépression chez les mères monoparentales étaient liés à la situation de l'emploi et aux événements stressants. Les résultats indiquent que la situation par rapport à l'emploi exerce un impact important sur le bien-être psychologique des femmes. L'auteure identifie les implications concernant la pratique infirmière, l'élaboration de politiques et la future recherche, et discute de ces éléments.

22 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 March 2006

More about this publication?
  • To the CJNR Readership:

    We are excited to report that as of January 2016, the CJNR (Canadian Journal of Nursing Research) is being published under the SAGE Publications, Inc. banner.

    All inquiries relating to future issues of CJNR should be directed to:

    Daniel Ruth
    Senior Acquisitions Editor
    SAGE Publications In
    T (805) 410-7251
    E [email protected]

    Currently published issues of the CJNR (1969-2015) are being moved to the McGill online archives where they will be hosted in perpetuity. This migration should be completed by Spring 2016. During this transition, all issues of CJNR remain accessible to our readers as before:

    1) Past issues of CJNR from 2003 to December 2015 through ingentaconnect.

    2) Issues from 2002 to 1969 can be accessed through the CJNR digital archive.

    We understand that this is a significant change. Please be confident that all parties are working diligently to make this a seamless transition that will further advance the scope and impact of CJNR.

    Thank you.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Archives
  • Overview / Permissions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more