Open Access Relationship among Employment Status, Stressful Life Events, and Depression in Single Mothers Les liens entre la situation par rapport à l'emploi, les événements de vie stressants et la dépression chez les mères monoparentales

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Abstract:

This purpose of this study was to extend our understanding of employment status as a social determinant of psychological distress among single mothers. A cross-sectional survey assessing stressful life events and depression was completed with 96 single mothers (48 employed and 48 social assistance [SA] recipients) between November 2003 and March 2004. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was significantly higher for the SA recipients. Mild, moderate, and severe depressive symptoms were reported by 2%, 23%, and 67%, respectively, of SA recipients. Total stressful events were markedly greater for SA recipients. In addition, SA recipients reported larger numbers of housing, health, social, and financial stressors. Regression analysis indicated that 40.6% of the variation in depressive symptoms among single mothers was explained by their employment status and stressful events. The findings suggest that women's employment status significantly impacts on their psychological well-being. Implications for nursing practice, policy development, and future research are identified and discussed.

French
Cette étude vise à comprendre davantage le rôle de la situation de l'emploi comme déterminant social de la détresse psychologique chez les mères monoparentales. Une enquête transversale étudiant les événements de vie stressants et la dépression a été réalisée auprès de 96 mères monoparentales (48 détenaient un emploi et 48 étaient bénéficiaires d'aide sociale [AS]), de novembre 2003 à mars 2004. La prévalence de symptômes de dépression était significativement supérieure chez les bénéficiaires d'AS. Des symptômes légers, modérés et graves ont été rapportés chez respectivement 2 %, 23 % et 67 % des bénéficiaires d'AS. Le taux d'événements stressants était nettement plus élevé chez les assistées sociales. De plus, ces dernières ont signalé la présence d'un plus grand nombre d'agents stresseurs liés au logement, à la santé, aux interactions sociales et à l'argent. Une analyse de régression a indiqué que 40,6 % de la variation relative aux symptômes de dépression chez les mères monoparentales étaient liés à la situation de l'emploi et aux événements stressants. Les résultats indiquent que la situation par rapport à l'emploi exerce un impact important sur le bien-être psychologique des femmes. L'auteure identifie les implications concernant la pratique infirmière, l'élaboration de politiques et la future recherche, et discute de ces éléments.

Keywords: DEPRESSION; DETERMINANT OF HEALTH; SINGLE MOTHERS; STRESS; WELFARE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2006

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  • CJNR is a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal published by the McGill University School of Nursing since 1969. With world-wide circulation, CJNR's primary mandate is to publish original nursing research that develops basic knowledge for the discipline and examines the application of the knowledge in practice. Research related to education and history is also welcomed, as are methodological, theoretical, and review papers that advance nursing science. Letters or commentaries about published articles are encouraged. Learn more.
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