Open Access For Work and For School: Internal Migration of Canada's Rural Nurses Pour travailler et étudier : la migration interne des infirmières rurales du Canada

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Abstract:

Using data from the Registered Nurses Database and a recently conducted national survey, this study examined the internal migration patterns of Canadian-educated rural RNs. Inter-provincial migration rates, ranging from 11% to 27% depending on the database used, mask much wider variations in sub-provincial movement rates, which are particularly relevant when considering the provision of nursing services in rural and remote communities. Rural RNs are more likely to migrate if they are female, older, working in nursing stations, and living in remote communities. A majority of RNs whose migration is associated with going to school after their initial nursing education do not return to the jurisdiction where they were first registered. Targeted migration studies are needed to fully understand both the detailed patterns and the predictors of such movements in order to better assess recruitment and retention policies and to enhance our overall health human resources planning models.

French
S'appuyant sur la Base de données sur les infirmières autorisées et sur un récent sondage pancanadien, cette étude s'est penchée sur les tendances relatives à la migration interne des I.A. rurales qui ont fait leurs études au Canada. Les taux de migration interprovinciaux, variant de 11 % à 27 % selon la base de données utilisée, cache des variations beaucoup plus grandes quant aux taux de mouvement à l'intérieur des provinces, lesquels sont particulièrement pertinents en ce qui a trait à la prestation de services infirmiers dans les communautés rurales et éloignées. Parmi les effectifs infirmiers, ceux qui ont tendance à migrer sont les femmes, celles plus âgées, celles travaillant dans des dispensaires et celles vivant dans des communautés éloignées. La majorité des I.A. qui ont migré en raison de la poursuite d'études après l'obtention de leur diplôme de base ne retournent pas dans la région où elles ont originalement été accréditées. Des études ciblées portant sur la migration doivent être menées pour bien cerner les tendances précises et les variables associées à de tels mouvements, dans le but d'évaluer, de façon plus efficace, les politiques de recrutement et de rétention et d'améliorer l'ensemble de nos modèles de planification des ressources humaines œuvrant dans le domaine de la santé.

Keywords: EMPLOYMENT; HEALTH HUMAN RESOURCES; INTERNAL MIGRATION; PLANNING; SCHOOLING

Language: French

Document Type: Abstract

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • CJNR is a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal published by the McGill University School of Nursing since 1969. With world-wide circulation, CJNR's primary mandate is to publish original nursing research that develops basic knowledge for the discipline and examines the application of the knowledge in practice. Research related to education and history is also welcomed, as are methodological, theoretical, and review papers that advance nursing science. Letters or commentaries about published articles are encouraged. Learn more.
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