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Open Access Rethinking Emancipation and Empowerment in Action Research: Lessons from Small Rural Hospitals Repenser les notions d'émancipation et d'autonomie en recherche-action : Leçons apprises dans trois petits hôpitaux en région rurale

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A primary goal of action research is social change that is driven largely by the research participants. A major assumption is that through the research process, participants are enabled to take knowledgeable action in their personal, work, or community environments, and that through this action they experience empowerment. Another is that action becomes possible as a result of enlightenment and emancipation through participation in the research. These assumptions were called into question during the course of an interpretive action research study conducted with nurses employed in 3 small rural hospitals in northern British Columbia, Canada. Examination of the issues that emerged during the study illuminates the ways in which nurses' professional and community lives are intertwined. This interconnection provoked a re-examination of how empowerment and emancipation can be realized by nurses in small rural hospitals.

French
La recherche-action a pour principal but d'aboutir à des changements sociaux qui auront été portés, dans une large mesure, par les participants et les participantes au projet. Elle repose sur deux grandes hypothèses. D'abord, le fait de prendre part à la démarche de recherche inciterait les participants à devenir des acteurs informés au sein de leur environnement personnel, professionnel ou social, leur procurant par le fait même un sentiment de pouvoir et d'autonomie. Ensuite, les enseignements et le sentiment d'émancipation découlant de cette participation seraient porteurs d'action. La validité de ces hypothèses a été remise en cause au cours d'un projet de recherche-action de type interprétatif mené dans trois petits hôpitaux situés en région rurale au nord de la Colombie-Britannique, au Canada. L'analyse des problèmes survenus au cours du projet met en lumière les rapports interdépendants entre vie professionnelle et vie sociale chez les infirmières. Ce constat oblige à repenser les moyens par lesquels les infirmières évoluant dans ce milieu peuvent parvenir à un certain degré d'autonomie et d'émancipation.

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Keywords: ACTION RESEARCH; CANADA; NURSING PRACTICE; RURAL

Language: French

Document Type: Abstract

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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