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Open Access Spiritual Caregiving at the Juncture of Religion, Culture, and State Les soins spirituels à la jonction de la religion, la culture et l'État

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In response to the increasing social diversity of health-care recipients, nurse scholars have turned their attention to developing theoretical foundations for culturally responsive and spiritually sensitive nursing practice. However, despite the potential overlap between these 2 areas, there has been little exploration of the intersections between culture and spirituality. The authors present the findings of an interpretive descriptive pilot study that examined the contexts of intercultural spiritual caregiving from the perspectives of nurses and chaplains. The findings point to the need for health-care professionals to cultivate an internal space in which to provide spiritual care and to seek spiritual points of connection amidst diverse faith and cultural traditions. The contexts of current practice environments, as well as the social setting of a pluralistic and secular state, shape the dynamics of spiritual caregiving. The findings invite postcolonial, critical analyses of contemporary conceptions of spirituality and spiritual caregiving, and call for a rethinking of the trend towards de-emphasizing creedal religions in the quest for a universal spiritual experience.

French
En réponse à une diversité sociale croissante parmi les bénéficiaires de soins de santé, les infirmier(ière)s-chercheur(euse)s ont tourné leur attention vers l'élaboration de fondements théoriques qui permettront de mettre en place des pratiques infirmières respectueuses des croyances spirituelles. Toutefois, malgré la possibilité d'harmoniser ces deux volets, il existe peu de recherches portant sur les intersections potentielles entre culture et spiritualité. Les auteur(e)s présentent les résultats d'une étude pilote axée sur la description interprétative qui a pour objectif l'examen des contextes dans lesquels a lieu la prestation de soins spirituels interculturels, selon la perspective des infirmières, des infirmiers et des aumôniers. Les résultats révèlent des besoins qui invitent les professionnels de la santé à cultiver un espace intérieur à partir duquel ils peuvent dispenser des soins spirituels et rechercher des points spirituels communs en présence de diverses croyances et traditions culturelles. Les environnements de pratique actuels et le milieu social inhérent à un État pluraliste et séculier façonnent les dynamiques entourant les soins spirituels. Les résultats indiquent la nécessité de mener une analyse critique postcoloniale des conceptions contemporaines de la spiritualité et des soins spirituels, et de remettre en question la tendance à éliminer l'importance des credos dans la quête d'une expérience spirituelle universelle.

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Keywords: CULTURE; DIVERSITY; ETHNICITY; INTERPRETIVE DESCRIPTION; POSTCOLONIALISM; RELIGION; SPIRITUAL CAREGIVING; SPIRITUALITY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-12-01

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