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Open Access An Exploration of Othering in Forensic Psychiatric and Correctional Nursing Le recours à l'altérité dans la pratique infirmière en milieux psychiatriques médico-légaux et correctionnels: une exploration

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In forensic and correctional environments, it is not uncommon for nurses and other health-care practitioners to depersonalize their patients and clients through their use of language. For example, referring to patients as "inmates," "cons," "psychopaths," "schizophrenics," or "monsters" not only evokes stereotypical images, but, more importantly, casts the individual in the role of the other. Othering is generally viewed as a negative form of engagement, one that is contrary to ethical nursing practice. Through the exploration of relational and contextual factors contributing to this phenomenon, the author argues that othering is a contemporary ethical issue that requires ongoing dialogue within the forensic and correctional nursing communities.

En milieux médico-légaux et correctionnels, il n'est pas rare de voir les infirmières, les infirmiers et autres professionnels de la santé dépersonnaliser leurs patients et leurs clients en faisant usage de certains termes. Par exemple, non seulement l'utilisation de mots comme « détenus », « prisonniers », « psychopathes », « schizophrènes » ou « monstres » pour parler des patients évoque-t-elle des images stéréotypées mais elle projette surtout l'individu dans le rôle de l'autre. L'utilisation de l'altérité est généralement vue comme une forme négative d'engagement et contraire à une pratique infirmière respectueuse de la déontologie. Par le biais d'une exploration de facteurs relationnels et contextuels contribuant à ce phénomène, l'auteure argue que le recours à l'altérité est une question morale contemporaine qui nécessite un dialogue continu au sein des communautés infirmières des milieux médico-légaux et correctionnels.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-12-01

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