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Aboriginal Beliefs About Organ Donation: Some Coast Salish Viewpoints Croyances autochtones et dons d'organes: Points de vue de certains Salish du littoral

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Abstract:

A large number of Aboriginal people await transplantation, and reluctance to donate organs has been noted among Aboriginal people. The purpose of this study was to explore the values and beliefs regarding organ donation of Coast Salish people living in British Columbia, Canada. Interviews were held with 14 people (8 women and 6 men) ranging in age from 25 to 63 years. Contextual themes were: lack of trust, life in Aboriginal communities, and tension between contemporary and traditional perspectives. Themes pertaining to death and dying were: acceptance of fate, death routines/rituals, and body wholeness. Themes pertaining to organ donation were:"we don't talk about it," transfer of spirit, and helping others. There was considerable diversity in beliefs among participants, which suggests that the beliefs held by an individual Aboriginal person should not be assumed to reflect those of any specific Aboriginal community.

French
De très nombreux autochtones sont en attente d'une transplantation et l'on a constaté chez les peuples autochtones une réticence à accepter le prélèvement d'organe. Cette étude explore les valeurs et les croyances liées au don d'organes chez les Salish du littoral qui vivent en Colombie-Britannique, au Canada. Des entrevues ont été menées auprès de 14 personnes (8 femmes et 6 hommes) dont l'âge variait de 25 à 63 ans. Les sujets contextuels abordés étaient : le manque de confiance, la vie dans les communautés autochtones et les tensions entre les positions contemporaines et traditionnelles. Les sujets relatifs à la mort étaient : l'acceptation du destin, les habitudes et rituels liés à la mort et la plénitude du corps. Les sujets relatifs au don d'organes étaient : l'attitude voulant que « l'on n'en parle pas », le voyage de l'esprit, et l'entraide. Il y avait une grande diversité de croyances parmi les participants, ce qui montre que les croyances d'un Autochtone ne reflètent pas nécessairement celles d'une communauté autochtone en particulier.

Keywords: CULTURE; ETHNOCULTURAL BELIEFS; ORGAN DONATION; TRANSPLANTATION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2004

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