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Open Access Post-migration Changes in Gender Relations Among Ethiopian Couples Living in Canada Les changements postimmigration dans les rapports sociaux entre les sexes chez les couples éthiopiens au Canada

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Abstract:

The Ethiopian community of Toronto, Canada, has identified the prevention of marital conflict and partner abuse as a priority issue. Previous research and community discussions suggested that changes in gender relations following migration contribute to both marital conflict and partner abuse. The objective of this community-based pilot study was to explore post-migration changes in gender relations among Ethiopian couples in order to inform the development of violence-prevention strategies. Qualitative research methods and analyses were used. In-depth interviews and focus-group discussions were conducted with 8 couples who had been married in Ethiopia and migrated to Toronto. The findings indicate changes in gender relations following migration as well as concordant and discordant patterns of change. Change was found to be associated with factors such as age, number of years married, experience in a third country, and gender-role socialization. Implications for future research and nursing practice are discussed.

French
La communauté éthiopienne à Toronto, au Canada, a identifié la prévention de conflits maritaux et de la violence conjugale comme une question prioritaire. Des recherches antérieures et des discussions au sein de la collectivité suggèrent que les changements dans les rapports sociaux entre les sexes survenant après l'immigration contribuent à l'incidence de conflits maritaux et de violence conjugale. Cette étude communautaire pilote avait pour objectif d'explorer les changements postimmigration dans les rapports sociaux entre les sexes chez les couples éthiopiens, en vue de contribuer à l'élaboration de stratégies visant à prévenir la violence. L'étude a été réalisée selon des méthodes de recherche et des analyses qualitatives. Des entrevues en profondeur et des discussions en groupes ont été menées avec la collaboration de huit couples mariés en Éthiopie et installés à Toronto. Les résultats indiquent une modification des rapports sociaux entre les hommes et les femmes après l'immigration, ainsi que des tendances de changement concordantes et discordantes. La recherche révèle que l'incidence de changements est associée à des facteurs comme l'âge, le nombre d'années de vie conjugale, l'expérience de vie dans un pays en développement, et la socialisation relativement aux rôles assignés à chacun des sexes. Les implications sur le plan des futures recherches et de la pratique infirmière font l'objet de discussions.

Keywords: ACCULTURATIVE CHANGE; GENDER RELATIONS; IMMIGRATION; MARITAL CONFLICT; PARTNER ABUSE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-12-01

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