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Open Access Adolescent Constructions of Nicotine Addiction

Les perceptions des adolescents à l'égard de la dépendance à la nicotine

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The purpose of this qualitative study was to extend our understanding of how adolescents view nicotine addiction.This secondary analysis included 80 open-ended interviews with adolescents with a variety of smoking histories.The transcribed interviews were systematically analyzed to identify salient explanations of nicotine addiction.These explanations presuppose causal pathways of nicotine exposure leading to addiction and include repeated use, the brain and body "getting used to" nicotine, personal weakness, and family influences. A further explanation is that some youths pretend to be addicted to project a "cool" image.These explanations illustrate that some youths see themselves as passive players in the formation of nicotine addiction.The findings can be used in the development of programs to raise youth awareness about nicotine addiction.


La présente étude avait pour but d'approfondir les connaissances sur les perceptions des adolescents à l'égard de la dépendance à la nicotine. Notre analyse, de type secondaire, a porté sur 80 entretiens qualitatifs avec des adolescents ayant fait diverses expériences de la cigarette. Les transcriptions d'entrevues ont fait l'objet d'une étude systématique dans le but de faire ressortir les explications des jeunes concernant la dépendance à la nicotine. On a constaté que celles-ci présupposent un enchaînement de causalité, depuis l'exposition à la nicotine jusqu'à la dépendance; elles citent des facteurs comme l'usage répété, le fait que le cerveau et le corps « s'habituent » à la nicotine, la faiblesse des individus et l'influence de la famille. Les explications avancées démontrent que les adolescents se perçoivent comme des acteurs passifs relativement au phénomène. Ces résultats pourront servir à la conception de programmes destinés à sensibiliser les jeunes à la dépendance à la nicotine.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-03-01

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