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Open Access The Home Environment of Métis, First Nations, and Caucasian Adolescent Mothers: An Examination of Quality and Influences

Le milieu de vie des mères adolescentes métis, autochtones et caucasiennes: une étude de sa qualité et des influences présentes

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Abstract:

This longitudinal exploratory study compared maternal psychosocial, situational, and home-environment characteristics at 4 weeks and at 12-18 months postnatal for a convenience sample of 71 Métis, First Nations, and Caucasian adolescent mothers.The combined group of Métis/First Nations mothers had significantly higher infant-care emotionality scores than the Caucasian mothers at 4 weeks. The Caucasian mothers scored considerably higher on quality of the home environment; a refined multiple regression model containing infant-care emotionality, education level of the infant's maternal grandmother, ethnicity,and enacted social support explained 49% of the variance, with significant influences being infant-care emotionality and grandmother's education level.



Cette étude exploratoire longitudinale a comparé les caractéristiques psychosociales et circonstancielles, ainsi que les caractéristiques du milieu de vie, quatre semaines, ainsi que 12 à 18 mois après l'accouchement, auprès d'un échantillonnage de commodité composé de 71 mères adolescentes métis, autochtones et caucasiennes. Les groupes combinés de mères métis / autochtones ont révélé, quatre semaines après la naissance, des scores significativement plus importants, comparativement aux mères caucasiennes, en ce qui a trait au rapport émotionnel lors des soins prodigués à l'enfant. Les mères caucasiennes ont récolté des scores beaucoup plus élevés quant à la qualité du milieu de vie. Un modèle raffiné de régression multiple a expliqué 49 % de la variance relevée. Ce modèle a tenu compte du rapport émotionnel lors des soins prodigués à l'enfant, du niveau de scolarité de la grand-mère maternelle de l'enfant, de l'appartenance ethnique et du soutien social concret, les deux premiers facteurs exerçant une influence importante.

Keywords: ADOLESCENT MOTHERS; APPARTENANCE ETHNIQUE ET MERE ADOLESCENTE; COMPETENCE PERCUE ET MISE EN PRATIQUE EN RAPPORT AUX SOINS A L'ENFANT; ETHNICITY AND ADOLESCENT MOTHER; INFANT CARE; MERES ADOLESCENTES; PERCEIVED AND PERFORMED INFANT CARE COMPETENCE; SOINS A L'ENFANT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2003

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