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Open Access The Home Environment of Métis, First Nations, and Caucasian Adolescent Mothers: An Examination of Quality and Influences

Le milieu de vie des mères adolescentes métis, autochtones et caucasiennes: une étude de sa qualité et des influences présentes

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Abstract:

This longitudinal exploratory study compared maternal psychosocial, situational, and home-environment characteristics at 4 weeks and at 12-18 months postnatal for a convenience sample of 71 Métis, First Nations, and Caucasian adolescent mothers.The combined group of Métis/First Nations mothers had significantly higher infant-care emotionality scores than the Caucasian mothers at 4 weeks. The Caucasian mothers scored considerably higher on quality of the home environment; a refined multiple regression model containing infant-care emotionality, education level of the infant's maternal grandmother, ethnicity,and enacted social support explained 49% of the variance, with significant influences being infant-care emotionality and grandmother's education level.



Cette étude exploratoire longitudinale a comparé les caractéristiques psychosociales et circonstancielles, ainsi que les caractéristiques du milieu de vie, quatre semaines, ainsi que 12 à 18 mois après l'accouchement, auprès d'un échantillonnage de commodité composé de 71 mères adolescentes métis, autochtones et caucasiennes. Les groupes combinés de mères métis / autochtones ont révélé, quatre semaines après la naissance, des scores significativement plus importants, comparativement aux mères caucasiennes, en ce qui a trait au rapport émotionnel lors des soins prodigués à l'enfant. Les mères caucasiennes ont récolté des scores beaucoup plus élevés quant à la qualité du milieu de vie. Un modèle raffiné de régression multiple a expliqué 49 % de la variance relevée. Ce modèle a tenu compte du rapport émotionnel lors des soins prodigués à l'enfant, du niveau de scolarité de la grand-mère maternelle de l'enfant, de l'appartenance ethnique et du soutien social concret, les deux premiers facteurs exerçant une influence importante.
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  • CJNR is a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal published by the McGill University School of Nursing since 1969. With world-wide circulation, CJNR's primary mandate is to publish original nursing research that develops basic knowledge for the discipline and examines the application of the knowledge in practice. Research related to education and history is also welcomed, as are methodological, theoretical, and review papers that advance nursing science. Letters or commentaries about published articles are encouraged. Learn more.
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