Skip to main content

Open Access The Use of Tranquillizers Among Women Undergoing Substance-Abuse Treatment

L'usage des tranquillisants chez les femmes suivant un programme de traitement de la toxicomanie

Download Article:
Overuse of tranquillizers (e.g., Valium, Ativan, Xanax) is frequently overlooked in substance-abuse treatment.This paper presents findings on the prevalence and frequency of tranquillizer use and concurrent substance use in women undergoing substance-abuse treatment. Ninety-eight women in 9 short-term, residential, women-only treatment centres in the province of Ontario, Canada, completed questionnaires assessing their pre-treatment substance use. Forty-three percent reported that they used tranquillizers in the 6 months preceding their treatment, and 70% of these reported using tranquillizers at least 2 to 4 times per week. Duration of use ranged from 1 month to 20 years, with an average of 4 years.The majority of participants (86%) reported using at least 1 other substance in addition to tranquillizers.The findings suggest that a significant proportion of women in substance-abuse treatment may be dependent on tranquillizers in addition to other substances. Implications for the intervention of tranquillizer overuse in substance-abuse treatment settings are discussed.

La surconsommation des tranquillisants (p.ex.Valium, Ativan, Xanax) est une question souvent oubliée dans le traitement de la toxicomanie. Cet article présente des données sur la prévalence et la fréquence de l'usage des tranquillisants et de la consommation simultanée de substances intoxicantes chez les femmes toxicomanes suivant un traitement. Quatre-vingt-dix-huit femmes réparties dans neuf centres de traitement de courte durée en établissement pour femmes seulement, situés dans la province de l'Ontario, au Canada, ont répondu à un questionnaire visant à évaluer leur consommation avant le début du traitement. Quarante-trois répondantes ont rapporté qu'elles avaient consommé des tranquillisants pendant les six mois précédant le début du traitement, 70% d'entre elles y ayant eu recours au moins deux à quatre fois par semaine. La durée de la consommation variait de un mois à 20 ans, avec une moyenne de quatre ans. La majorité des participantes (86%) ont rapporté qu'elles prenaient au moins une substance autre que les tranquillisants. Les données obtenues indiquent qu'une proportion significative des femmes toxicomanes en traitement pourraient aussi avoir développé une dépendance à l'égard des tranquillisants. L'article se termine sur une discussion des conséquences de la surconsommation des tranquillisants en milieu de traitement.

3 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: 2003-03-01

More about this publication?
  • To the CJNR Readership:

    We are excited to report that as of January 2016, the CJNR (Canadian Journal of Nursing Research) is being published under the SAGE Publications, Inc. banner.

    All inquiries relating to future issues of CJNR should be directed to:

    Daniel Ruth
    Senior Acquisitions Editor
    SAGE Publications In
    T (805) 410-7251
    E [email protected]

    Currently published issues of the CJNR (1969-2015) are being moved to the McGill online archives where they will be hosted in perpetuity. This migration should be completed by Spring 2016. During this transition, all issues of CJNR remain accessible to our readers as before:

    1) Past issues of CJNR from 2003 to December 2015 through ingentaconnect.

    2) Issues from 2002 to 1969 can be accessed through the CJNR digital archive.

    We understand that this is a significant change. Please be confident that all parties are working diligently to make this a seamless transition that will further advance the scope and impact of CJNR.

    Thank you.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Archives
  • Overview / Permissions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more