Anticipation and future vision in Nicolai Hartmann's ontology
Purpose ‐ This article aims to explore anticipation from an ontological point of view and to analyze in particular some of Nicolai Hartmann's ideas. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The paper presents a conceptual analysis of an ontological theory of anticipation. Findings ‐ Analyzing philosophical problems related to "futures" and "anticipation", to the framework of modal categories, and connecting Hartmann with Ludwig von Bertalanffy and comparing the outcome with some Artistotelian theses, offers a philosophical perspective on futures studies. Research limitations/implications ‐ The "human" phenomenon of anticipation will be defined as possibly the only form of authentic anticipation, interpreted as a teleological act. Originality/value ‐ The result is obtained through the distinction, articulated for each level of reality, among different kinds of determination.