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Military technology development: a future-based approach using scenarios

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Abstract:

PurposeThe threat environment countries face is a dynamic one, with many emerging technologies. This paper presents unique challenges as countries evaluate which technologies to pursue in support of national security. Rather than addressing a broad range of strategic options, this paper limits its scope to a single type of aircraft. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to demonstrate a methodology to counter the most likely future threats to a long-range strike aircraft. Design/methodology/approachTo address future threats, the paper examined the most likely course of technology development within the context of various alternative futures. To decompose general threat scenarios into specific risk scenarios, the risk filtering, ranking, and management (RFRM) framework was used. After identifying the most significant risk scenarios, decision tree analysis provided insight into whether or not to pursue a given technology (e.g. electromagnetic pulse hardening, redundant control structures, etc.). FindingsIt is found the RFRM and decision tree tools to be very complementary in developing a credible scenario-based decision model that incorporates expected technology development and alternative futures. Practical implicationsThe paper is not intended to be a technical report on advanced technologies or predict future technologies and the world geopolitical situation. However, the approach explored should serve as a foundation for more detailed analysis that incorporates formal studies, technology demonstrations, and additional research into a coherent decision structure that can be evaluated and adjusted over time. Originality/valueThe paper combines the RFRM and decision tree tools to examine concepts from both technology development and alternative futures.

Keywords: Decision trees; Forecasting; Military aircraft; Risk assessment; Risk management

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/14636681011035744

Publication date: 2010-01-01

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