Organizational culture, climate and IC: an interaction analysis
Purpose ‐ This study aims to empirically investigate the role of organizational culture and climate in supporting intellectual capital (IC) management systems. Specifically, it seeks to investigate the relationship between organizational characteristics (culture and climate) and IC management systems in the Middle East (Iran and Lebanon) and Canada. Design/methodology/approach ‐ Data were gathered via a survey instrument and statistical analysis was used to test for significance between dependent and independent variables. Then a two-stage hierarchical multiple regression was used to test for the nature and effects of country of origin as a moderating variable. Findings ‐ The findings suggest that both culture and climate play significant roles in developing management systems for IC. In addition, for country, when organizational climate improves, Middle Eastern respondents perceived an even greater improvement in IC management systems compared to their Canadian counterparts. Originality/value ‐ There is limited research that has been undertaken to compare developed and developing countries with regard to the influence of organizational characteristics on IC management systems. This research is timely given the recent publication of the Arab Human Development Report and the Arab Knowledge Report. This study provides insight into the ability of organizations in the Middle East to develop a knowledge base and reduce the knowledge gap between the Arab world and countries currently classified as knowledge intensive.