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A bi-cultural analysis of the cost of caring: nursing burnout in the United States and the Philippines

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As the world becomes a global labour market, attention must be directed to integrating persons of different cultures and values into the work environment of the host country. Nursing is a profession that involves significant socialization during the training process, and different cultural values. Nursing is also a profession subject to burnout, resulting in decreased personnel effectiveness. Examines the work environment of Philippine nurses in their native country and a comparison sample of American nurses in the USA. Identifies several significant differences. Burnout was also assessed in both countries, with results indicating significant differences. Discusses results with respect to the different social-work environments, national value systems, integration of Philippine nurses into US hospitals, and management for reduced burnout. Although this study used nurses from the Philippines and the USA as subjects, the methods are applicable across other cultures. The results of the study indicate several areas for beneficial future research.

Keywords: Burnout; Nurses; Philippines; Retention; USA

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 1997

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