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Why do some people manage phishing e-mails better than others?

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Abstract:

Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to investigate the behaviour response of computer users when either phishing e-mails or genuine e-mails arrive in their inbox. The paper describes how this research was conducted and presents and discusses the findings. Design/methodology/approach ‐ This study was a scenario-based role-play experiment that involved the development of a web-based questionnaire that was only accessible by invited participants when they attended a one-hour, facilitated session in a computer laboratory. Findings ‐ The findings indicate that overall, genuine e-mails were managed better than phishing e-mails. However, informed participants managed phishing e-mails better than not-informed participants. Other findings show how familiarity with computers, cognitive impulsivity and personality traits affect behavioural responses to both types of e-mail. Research limitations/implications ‐ This study does not claim to evaluate actual susceptibility to phishing emails. The subjects were University students and therefore the conclusions are not necessarily representative of the general population of e-mail users. Practical implications ‐ The outcomes of this research would assist management in their endeavours to improve computer user behaviour and, as a result, help to mitigate risks to their organisational information systems. Originality/value ‐ The literature review indicates that this paper addresses a genuine gap in the research.

Keywords: Communication processes; Electronic mail; Human behaviour; Individual behaviour; Information management; Information risk; Information security; Phishing; Social engineering

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09685221211219173

Publication date: March 16, 2012

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