The results of the 1999 and 2001 general election seem to suggest that the Indo-Fijian community in Fiji voted on the issues of poverty, unemployment and lack of opportunities amongst the Indo-Fijian community. The Indo-Fijian community, since the military coups of 1987 and more recently in May 2000, has increasingly felt marginalised by the Indigenous Fijian led governments. The expiry of land leases and the lack of opportunities for many of them in both the rural and urban areas are a source of increasing concern. Indian politicians are also raising these concerns in their struggle for political and economic rights for the community. Based on a national survey data this article examines some of these concerns. It analyses the extent of concern about poverty, unemployment and lack of basic facilities such as water, housing and electricity among the community and draws conclusion for the future of Indo-Fijian political and economic rights.