New directions in community and farm reforestation
Increased emphasis on environment, increased faith in private sector forests rather than government-owned plantations, and improved techniques for tree growing have led to changes in reforestation policies, particularly in timber-importing countries. Farm and community forestry has become more important, and often involves mixed broadleaved species and selective logging rather than clearfell. Private profitability is often low, but social returns may be considerably greater, warranting government support. While governments have experimented with a variety of instruments to encourage reforestation, policies have not necessarily addressed the main impediments. Measures to increase the share of resource rent gained by tree growers relative to other stakeholders in the timber production pipeline could accelerate plantings.