At the levels of both the national economy and organisations, learning is linked to competitiveness and it is frequently promoted as an all-encompassing solution to the multiplicity of issues that organisations (and societies) face. This view, however, does not fully address how learning
takes place and what the relationship may be between learning, education, training and development, which are frequently treated as isolated processes. Provides a re-conceptualisation of these relationships by proposing a holographic perspective that can support their interaction while drawing
closer the connections between individual, organisational and governmental practices. The main implications of the holographic perspective and its practical ramifications, particularly for the SME sector, are discussed at the end of the paper.