Effect of oxide fluxes on activation mechanisms of tungsten inert gas process
Authors: Leconte, S.; Paillard, P.; Chapelle, P.; Henrion, G.; Saindrenan, J.
Source: Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, Volume 11, Number 4, July 2006 , pp. 389-397(9)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Activated tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding, which involves the deposition of an inorganic powder on the metal surface prior welding, improves TIG welding performances in terms of weld bead penetration. Most common commercial fluxes contain halides and oxides. The present paper focuses on fluxes made of oxides. It appears that oxides have two different effects: one on the fusion zone chemistry and the other on the electric arc behaviour. First, oxygen reverses the Marangoni convection movements that become centripetal, contributing thus to increase 'D' penetration. On the other hand, oxides may cause an increase in the energy flux density transferred by the arc to the metal. The characterisation of the arc plasma by optical emission spectroscopy suggests that oxides do not increase the arc temperature. It is established that the oxide effects by Marangoni convection appear for a critical value of the welding energy, whereas the oxide effects on the electrical arc exist irrespective of the welding energy value.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 2006
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