THE CANADA-UNITED STATES BOUNDARY COMMISSION
Author: Ogilvie, Noel J.
Source: Survey Review, Volume 1, Number 6, October 1932 , pp. 249-253(5)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:The International Boundary Commission is a body which has been created by treaty between Canada and the United States for the purpose of surveying, mapping, and marking the international boundary between the two countries and for subsequently maintaining that boundary in a state of effective demarcation. The Commission consists of two Commissioners and their staffs. One Commissioner is appointed by His Britannic Majesty upon the recommendation of the government of Canada, the other is appointed by the President of the United States. Each government pays the salaries of its own officers, but the other expenses are borne equally by the two governments. It should be noted that the International Boundary Commission is a body quite distinct and separate from the International Joint Commission, with which it is sometimes confused. The functions of these two Commissions do not overlap or duplicate each other in any way. The International Joint Commission has jurisdiction over all cases involving the use, obstruction, or diversion of boundary waters, and, in addition, when requested by the government of either Canada or of the United States, examines and reports upon such other questions of difference as may arise in the vicinity of the boundary, involving the rights, obligations, or interests of either country in relation to the other or to its inhabitants. The consideration of such questions does not come within the purview of the International Boundary Commission. On the other hand, to the latter body pertains exclusively the work of surveying, mapping, and marking the boundary, and the location of any point on the boundary in connection with any question that may arise between the two governments.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1932-10-01
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