Biomechanical analysis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy: The influence of dynamic factors and morphometry of the spinal cord
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, Volume 35, Number 4, July 2012 , pp. 256-261(6)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) have the same clinical symptoms that vary according to the degree of spinal cord compression and the cross-sectional cord shape. We used a three-dimensional finite element method (3D-FEM) to analyze the stress distributions of the spinal cord with neck extension under three cross-sectional cord shapes.
Experimental condition for the 3D-FEM spinal cord, ligamentum flavum, and anterior compression shape (central, lateral, and diffuse types) was established. To simulate neck extension, the spinal cord was extended by 20° and the ligamentum flavum was shifted distally according to movement of the cephalad lamina.
The stress distribution in the spinal cord increased due to invagination of the ligamentum flavum into the neck extension. The range of stress distribution observed for the diffuse type was wider than for the central and lateral types. In addition, the stress distribution in the spinal cord was increased by the pincer movement of the ligamentum flavum and by the anterior compression of the spinal cord. The range of stress distribution observed for the diffuse type under antero-posterior compression was also wider than for the central and lateral types.
This simulation model showed that the clinical symptoms of CSM due to compression of the diffuse type may be stronger than for the central and lateral types. Therefore, careful follow-up is recommended for anterior compression of the spinal cord of diffuse type.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-07-01