Computerised Modelling of Radiolysis and Corrosion Effects in Transport Containers for Fuel Spent Nuclear
Author: Walters, W. S.
Source: International Journal of Radioactive Materials Transport, Volume 5, Numbers 2-4, 1994 , pp. 253-260(8)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:The radiolysis of water and/or gases within transport containers for spent nuclear fuel may result in the generation of hydrogen and oxygen gases and also the enhanced corrosion of the materials in contact with the water. These effects are important, particularly when the fuel container is also used for storage post-transport prior to reprocessing or disposal. The behaviour of a range of radiolytic systems has been studied. Plant behaviour has been simulated in numerous laboratory experiments: plant and experimental results have been linked by a computerised model describing the radiolysis mechanism and predicting the quantities and production rate of gaseous and corrosive species. This allows prediction of plant performance over a long time scale. The model is based on a well-accepted radiolysis mechanism supplemented with specific measurements made at the Harwell laboratory. Model capabilities include inert atmospheres, materials corrosion, variations in water and gas volumes or aqueous chemistry. The model has been applied to design stage radiolysis assessments of transport containers; information from operating plant has been interpreted to advise on design improvement, e.g. diminution of gas production using easily corroded scavengers to remove oxygen. Radiolysis in gas filled dry storage containers for spent nuclear fuel has been studied; corrosive product production (e.g. nitric acid), which is important for fuel cladding integrity has been assessed. The development and use of this computerised model is described with a current summary.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1994-01-01
- In 2004, International Journal of Radioactive Materials Transport changed its name to Packaging, Transport, Storage and Security of Radioactive Material. View issues of Packaging, Transport, Storage and Security of Radioactive Material.
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