Antioxidant effect of capsaicin on lipid peroxidation in homogeneous solution, micelle dispersions and liposomal membranes
Authors: Okada, Y.; Okajima, H.
Source: Redox Report, Volume 6, Number 2, April 2001 , pp. 117-122(6)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:The antioxidant activity of capsaicin (CAP) was measured in the oxidation of methyl linoleate (ML) in homogeneous solution, of ML micelles in aqueous dispersions and also of soybean phosphatidylcholine liposomal membrane, and was compared to that of α-tocopherol (α-TOH) which is one of the most important antioxidants in vivo. The reactivity of CAP toward galvinoxyl (a model phenoxyl radical) in acetonitrile solution was found to be much smaller than that of α-TOH, suggesting that the radical scavenging activity of CAP is much weaker than that of α-TOH. In fact, in homogeneous acetonitrile solution where the antioxidant activity is determined primarily by the chemical activity of the antioxidant toward peroxyl radicals, CAP inhibited the oxidation of ML much less efficiently than α-TOH and a clear induction period was not observed. The antioxidant activity of CAP was found to be about 60 times smaller than that of α-TOH in homogeneous solution. However, in micelle oxidation, the difference in antioxidant activity of the two antioxidants was much smaller than in homogeneous solution. Furthermore, in the membrane, CAP inhibited the oxidation almost as effectively as α-TOH. These results suggest that CAP can act as an antioxidant in the biomembrane.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: School of Health Sciences, Kyorin University, Miyashita-cho, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
Publication date: 2001-04-01