Mechanical properties distributions of PM manganese steels analysed by Gaussian and Weibull statistics
Source: Powder Metallurgy, Volume 53, Number 4, December 2010 , pp. 328-335(8)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Powder metallurgy (PM) parts acceptance is determined by compositional and processing parameters and their controls. Statistical procedures are used for assessment; normal distribution and 'six sigma' appear to predominate. For fatigue of metallic materials and strengths of ceramics, fibres and composites, however, Weibull probability of survival analyses are widely used. The original analysis considers a threshold stress at which the probability of failure is zero. This stress is frequently taken to be zero, simplifying the analysis to two parameters. The yield stress has been suggested for the threshold stress, probably not sufficiently conservative for less ductile PM materials. A new three-parameter Weibull analysis, in which it is taken to be the fracture strength minus six standard deviations, is presented. Powder metallurgy manganese steels are under commercial consideration and this approach is applied to 12 variants of such laboratory processed specimens. It is compared with the two-parameter Weibull and Gaussian, the least conservative, analyses.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Metal Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30 059 Krakow, Poland 2: Engineering Materials Group of the School of Engineering, Design and Technology, University of Bradford, West Yorkshire, BD7 1DP, UK;, Email: A.Wronski@bradford.ac.uk
Publication date: 2010-12-01
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