Occupational Lung Diseases and the Mining Industry in Mongolia
Authors: Lkhasuren, Oyuntogos; Takahashi, Ken; Dash-Onolt, Lkhamsuren
Source: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Number 2, April/June 2007 , pp. 195-201(7)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Mining production has accounted for around 50% of the gross industrial product in Mongolia since 1998. Dust-induced chronic bronchitis and pneumoconiosis currently account for the largest relative share (67.8%) of occupational diseases in Mongolia, and cases are increasing annually. In 1967–2004, medically diag-, nosed cases of occupational diseases in Mongolia numbered 7,600. Of these, 5,154 were confirmed cases of dust-induced chronic bronchitis and pneumoconiosis. Lung diseases and other mining-sector health risks pose major challenges for Mongolia. Gold and coal mines, both formal and informal, contribute significantly to economic growth, but the prevalence of occupationallung diseases is high and access to health care is limited. Rapid implementation of an effective national program of silicosis elimination and pneumoconiosis reduction is critical to ensure the health and safety of workers in this important sector of the Mongolian economy.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-04-01