An Occupational Risk Survey of a Refractory Brick Company in Ha Noi, Viet Nam
Authors: Hai, Duan Ngoc; Chai, Sanders K.; Chien, Vien Chinh; Keifer, Matthew; Takaro, Timothy; Yu, Jianbo; Son, Phan Hong; Van Trung, Le; Barnhart, Scott
Source: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Number 3, July/September 2001 , pp. 195-200(6)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Viet Nam has an increasing need for building materials, including refractory bricks. Little is known regarding the occupational hazards incurred in brick manufacturing. To determine the occupational health hazards posed by a refractory brick operation in Ha Noi, Viet Nam, a cross-sectional occupational risk survey was conducted, focusing on respirable dust hazards. It included an industrial hygiene walk-through and gravimetric dust analysis. Noise, heat, lack of head protection, and dust exposure were hazards identified at the brick-manufacturing site. Respiratory protection involved a three-layer cloth mask that had not been tested for efficacy. Silica dust exposure levels exceeded the Vietnamese permissible exposure level by almost fivefold based on gravimetric assessment and estimated silica content. This brick manufacturing site contains significant injury and respiratory illness hazards. Further investigations are necessary to begin to develop occupational safety measures at the site.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-07-01