Effect of dilution on GTAW Colmonoy 6 (AWS NiCr‐C) hardface deposit made on 316LN stainless steel
Authors: Ramasubbu, V; Chakraborty, G; Albert, S K; Bhaduri, A K
Source: Materials Science and Technology, Volume 27, Number 2, February 2011 , pp. 573-580(8)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Nickel based Colmonoy 6 (conforming to AWS NiCr‐C) hardfacing alloy finds application in hardfacing of various components made of austenitic stainless steel (SS) used in fast reactors. Owing to considerable difference in melting points of the SS and Colmonoy 6 alloys, significant dilution from substrate occurs during hardfacing using gas tungsten arc welding process. Dilution has a significant effect on microstructure, hardness and wear resistance of the deposit. To overcome the adverse effects of dilution on the hardness and, hence, the wear resistance of the deposit, often, the minimum thickness specified for the deposit on hardfaced components is high, which in turn increases the susceptibility of the deposit to cracking during deposition. In the present investigation, microstructure of different layers of multilayer Colmonoy 6 deposits on 316LN SS is characterised by optical and scanning electron microscopy, and the correlation between hardness and microstructure of the individual layers with dilution from the base metal has been established. The dilution from the base material is the highest in the first layer, and it progressively decreases in the subsequent layers. With progressive decrease in dilution, the precipitate fraction increases from about 16 to 20% from the first to the fifth deposit layers. This is accompanied by hardness increase from about 480 to 800 HV. The precipitates in the deposit consist of both borides and carbides, with the boride content varying more with dilution than the carbide content. The boride fraction increased from 5 to 8% with a decrease in dilution; however, layer to layer variation in carbide fraction was only marginal at about 11‐12%. High dilution from the base material suppresses the formation of borides in the deposit and is responsible for low hardness of the deposit diluted with the austenitic SS compared to those of the undiluted deposit.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Materials Joining Section, Materials Technology Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India
Publication date: 2011-02-01
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