Effect of Zn addition on steady state creep characteristics of Sn–3·3Ag solder alloy
Authors: Fawzy, A.; Habib, N.; Sobhy, M.; Nassr, E.; Saad, G.
Source: Materials Science and Technology, Volume 24, Number 4, April 2008 , pp. 488-494(7)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:The materials used in the present study are Sn–3·3 wt-%Ag and Sn–3·3Ag–1Zn (wt-%) alloys. Effect of stress σ, aging temperature T a and aging time t a, on the creep resistance of the alloys under investigation had been studied. Creep tests were performed at room temperature (300 K) under the effect of different constant loads ranged from 2·5 to 4 N on specimens pre-aged at the temperatures 353, 373, 393 and 413 K. At each aging temperature the specimens were heated for the different periods of time 1, 20 and 50 h. The steady state creep rate of the present alloys was found to be related to the applied stress with exponent n. This exponent was found to be decreased with increasing aging temperature T a and/or time of aging t a. Addition of 1 wt-%Zn to the binary Sn–3·3 wt-%Ag solder alloy affected its creep resistance. It was found to decrease with increasing both T a and/or t a. This was attributed to coalesce and enhancement of the particle sizes of the intermetallic compound Ag3Sn during aging at high temperatures (0·6–0·7T m) which subsequently led to the decrease in the pinning action of these particles and consequently leading to decreasing the creep resistance in the aged alloy. Moreover, increasing T a and/or t a increases the coarsening rate of grain sizes in both solder alloys from which it can be considered as another reason for the softening effect of increasing T a and/or t a. Microstructural changes were investigated by optical, electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-04-01
Authors wishing to cite fast track papers should give the journal name and the article DOI. This will enable reference linking via CrossRef and allow forward and backward citation tracking systems to associate the fast track citation with the final journal reference.Materials Science and Technology is the successor of two previous titles, for which digitised archives are available: Metal Science (Vols. 1—17; 1967—84) and Metals Technology (Vols. 1—11; 1974—84).
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