Review Type IV cracking in ferritic power plant steels
Authors: Francis, J. A.; Mazur, W.; Bhadeshia, H. K. D. H.
Source: Materials Science and Technology, Volume 22, Number 12, December 2006 , pp. 1387-1395(9)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:There have been concerted world wide efforts to develop steels suitable for use in efficient fossil fired power plants. Ferritic alloys containing between 9 and 12 wt-% chromium are seen as the most promising materials in this respect, especially for thick walled components such as headers and the main steam pipe in boilers. However, the performance of the improved steels has often not been realised in service, because premature failures occur in the heat affected zone of welded joints in a phenomenon referred to as type IV cracking. This review assesses the relationship between the composition and microstructure of 9–12 Cr steels, the welding and fabrication procedures and how these factors translate into a propensity for type IV failures.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2006-12-01
Authors wishing to cite fast track papers should give the journal name and the article DOI. This will enable reference linking via CrossRef and allow forward and backward citation tracking systems to associate the fast track citation with the final journal reference.Materials Science and Technology is the successor of two previous titles, for which digitised archives are available: Metal Science (Vols. 1—17; 1967—84) and Metals Technology (Vols. 1—11; 1974—84).
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