Carbapenem Resistance in Clinical Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Authors: Walsh, F.; Amyes, S.G.B.
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy, Number 4, August 2007 , pp. 376-381(6)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:The objectives of this study were to identify the carbapenem resistance mechanisms of clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. The strains resistant to imipenem had lost only the OprD protein, the isolates resistant to imipenem and meropenem had both loss of the OprD porin and reduced minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) in the presence of efflux pump inhibitors. In the isolates in which efflux had been identified (n=2) only 1 isolate had a mutation in the mexR gene corresponding to a glutamine to a stop codon change at amino acid 106. This has not been previously identified. There were no significant changes in the mexT genes. No mutations previously associated with the upregulation of the carbapenem efflux pumps in in vitro generated resistant isolates were identified in any of the clinical isolates. Therefore, the resistance mechanisms identified by development of carbapenem resistance in vitro are not sufficient to understand carbapenem resistance development in clinical isolates.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-08-01