The Emerging Role of Oxaliplatin in the Treatment of Gastric Cancer
Authors: Zaniboni, A.; Meriggi, F.
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy, Number 6, December 2005 , pp. 656-662(7)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Gastric cancer is often diagnosed in locally advanced or metastatic stages and, therefore, of poor prognosis. Many controversies exist about surgery, neoadjuvant, adjuvant and palliative treatments of gastric cancer. So we need to explore a variety of novel management options including the use of new agents and new combinations. Some of these agents include oral fluoropyrimidine, irinotecan, docetaxel and oxaliplatin. Oxaliplatin is a diaminocyclohexane-platinum compound that is significantly different from cisplatin and carboplatin with respect to its activity and toxicity. Oxaliplatin is an alkylating agent inhibiting DNA replication by forming adducts between two adjacent guanines or guanine and adenine molecules. However, the adducts of oxaliplatin appear to be more effective than cisplatin adducts in regard to the inhibition of DNA synthesis. In contrast to cisplatin, oxaliplatin has demonstrated efficacy alone and in combination with 5-fluorouracil in advanced colorectal cancer. Many studies are ongoing to test the combination in noncolorectal gastrointestinal tumors and other malignancies. This review focuses on the increasing amount of data concerning the clinical activity of oxaliplatinbased regimens in advanced gastric cancer.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: December 2005