Interpretive Criteria for Disk Diffusion Susceptibility Testing of Ulifloxacin, the Active Metabolite of Prulifloxacin
Authors: Montanari, M.P.; Ferrante, L.; Tili, E.; Cochetti, I.; Rossi, V.; Varaldo, P.E.
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy, Number 2, April 2005 , pp. 138-142(5)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Prulifloxacin, a new fluoroquinolone, is a prodrug whose active compound, ulifloxacin, is derived from its transformation after oral administration and intestinal absorption. Based on early pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data, the following MIC breakpoints have tentatively been proposed: ≤1 μg/ml, susceptible; 2 μg/ml, intermediate; and ≥4 μg/ml, resistant. In this report, ulifloxacin MIC vs. zone diameter scattergrams and discrepancy rates were analyzed in 461 freshly isolated clinical strains (237 Enterobacteriaceae, 101 nonfermenters, and 123 Grampositive bacteria). In agreement with the guidelines of the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, a modification of the error rate-bounded method was used to select disk diffusion test breakpoints. The following zone diameter breakpoints were chosen and are proposed herein for the interpretation of ulifloxacin disk (5 μg) test results: ≤15 and ≥19 mm for Enterobacteriaceae, ≤16 and ≥20 mm for nonfermenters, and ≤14 and ≥18 mm for Gram-positive bacteria. By applying these breakpoint values, no very major errors were detected, while major and minor errors were largely below the accepted discrepancy rates.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-04-01