Dhra': An Early Neolithic Village in the Southern Jordan Valley
Authors: Kuijt, Ian; Mahasneh, Hamzeh
Source: Journal of Field Archaeology, Volume 25, Number 2, 1998 , pp. 153-161(9)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Dhra' is an Early Neolithic village site located on the east side of the Dead Sea, and roughly contemporaneous with the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A period occupations at Jericho and Netiv Hagdud. Situated on an alluvial terrace near the springs of ‘Ain Waida’ Dhra' was a relatively large pre-agricultural community covering an area of approximately 80 m × 50 m, with a high concentration of oval or circular stone and mud structures. Excavations along the side of a 9 m long bulldozer trench revealed evidence of a later Early Bronze Age occupation overlying two and a half meters of Pre-Pottery Neolithic A period cultural material. Recovered within these Neolithic deposits were the remains of several large semi-subterranean oval structures, radiocarbon dated to approximately 10,000 years ago. Uncovered in another area of the site were the remains of a well-preserved oval stone structure, with a stone bench, radiocarbon dated to approximately 9,600 years ago. The chipped stone industry is characterized by the presence of Khiam points, retouched blades, sickle blades, borers, and large bifacial tools. Groundstone tools include numerous pestles and hand stones. Suprisingly very few microlithic tools were present with no Hagdud truncations or lunates recovered in excavation.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1998