The Limits of Science and Trans-Science
Author: Weinberg, Alvin M.
Source: Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, Volume 2, Number 4, December 1977 , pp. 337-342(6)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Many different limits to science have been identified, the most common being those between science and religion, or more generally between fact and value; between science and art; as well as the sociological limits imposed on science because it is becoming too large and unwieldy to be encompassed by a single mind. Here another realm is explored, lying beyond science: we call trans-science those questions which epistemologically are matters of fact, yet are beyond the proficiency of science. Trans-scientific questions consist of very rare occurrences and 'catastrophes' in the Thomian sense. It has been pointed out that unanswerable, trans-scientific questions are usually asked of science by policy makers. Consequently the scientist must concede that his proficiency is limited by this trans-scientific limit to science.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Director, Institute for Energy Analysis, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
Publication date: 1977-12-01