Zinc accumulation during recycling of iron oxide wastes in the blast furnace
Authors: Esezobor, D. E.; Balogun, S. A.
Source: Ironmaking & Steelmaking, Volume 33, Number 5, October 2006 , pp. 419-425(7)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Byproducts/wastes of iron- and steelmaking processes and steel scrap are the main sources of iron units recycled in the steel plants. Direct recycling of the iron oxide wastes (dusts and sludge) in the blast furnace (BF) is however hampered by its chemistry (>0·1%Zn in the charge). Vaporisation, condensation, oxidation and circulation of zinc may collectively lead to the accumulation in the furnace. Very fine particles are deposited on other particles that have high surface areas which diminish BF refractory life and impair the quality of high quality pig iron produced. For effective continuous recycling of iron units, it is necessary to identify their sources, determine their composition and evolve device and appropriate technology for the treatment of zinc bearing units. The present paper analyses the process of zinc accumulation in the BF and derives an algebraic model to determine the extent of the accumulation. On the basis of analysis of zinc base formation, its recirculation in the furnace and other related productive units, a homograph (alignment chart) of zinc accumulation is designed. The paper also outlines the feasible processes of zinc removal from the close-looped system (sinter plant–BF–sinter plant).
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2006-10-01
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