Effects of process conditions on mixing between molten iron and slag in smelting reduction vessel via water model study
Authors: Chou, J.-M.; Chuang, M.-C.; Yeh, M.-H.; Hwang, W.-S.; Liu, S.-H.; Tsai, S.-T.; Wang, H.-S.
Source: Ironmaking & Steelmaking, Volume 30, Number 3, June 2003 , pp. 195-202(8)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:The present study has been conducted to investigate the effects of operating conditions, which include gas flowrate, tuyere size, tuyere number, and height of iron phase, on the extent of mixing between molten iron and molten slag in the direct iron ore smelting reduction process. A transparent acrylic water model, 30% of the size of the actual smelter, was constructed to study the mass transfer phenomena. In the water model, water and spindle oil were used to simulate molten iron and molten slag, respectively, while air was used to replace the bottom blown nitrogen gas. In addition, thymol (C10H14O6) was used as a tracer material in the water model, added to the water at the beginning of the experiment. As mixing between water and spindle oil proceeded owing to stirring by the bottom blown gas, the concentration of thymol in the water decreased and that in the spindle oil increased. Water samples were taken from the bottom and 12 cm above the bottom of the water model at various operating times. Concentrations of thymol were then measured using a diode array ultraviolet visible spectrophotometer. By analysing the concentration data, the mass transfer rate kwA, which is a direct index for evaluating the mixing efficiency, could be derived. The process conditions under investigation included 40-500 L min-1 gas flowrate, 0·3-1 cm tuyere size, four or five tuyeres, and 20-30 cm height of the water phase. The test results indicate that when the gas flowrate increases, the value of kwA increases, which indicates better mixing between oil and water phases. However, as the gas flowrate approaches 40 L min-1, the improvement becomes less obvious. The smaller tuyere gives better mixing, and the design of five tuyeres results in better mixing compared with four tuyeres when they are blown with the same total gas flowrate. However, mixing efficiency decreases with increased height of the water phase. Also, as the gas flowrate of bottom blowing approaches 40 L min-1, gas blowing from the top has little effect on the mixing behaviour in the liquid bath. For a four tuyere system, the process conditions of height of oil phase 5 cm, height of water phase 25 cm, diameter of tuyere 0·75 cm, and gas flowrate for each tuyere 40 L min-1, appear to be the optimal design.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2003-06-01
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