Comparison of allocation approaches in soybean biodiesel life cycle assessment
Authors: Morais, S; Martins, A A; Mata, T M
Source: Journal of the Energy Institute, Volume 83, Number 1, March 2010 , pp. 48-55(8)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
This work shows the influence of using different allocation approaches when modelling the inventory analysis in a soybean biodiesel life cycle assessment (LCA). Results obtained using mass, energy and economic based allocations are compared, focusing on the following aspects: normalised potential environmental impact (PEI) categories, total PEI and relative contributions to the total PEI from each life cycle stage and environmental impact category. Similar results are obtained either using economic and energy based allocations. However, different results are obtained when mass based allocation is used when compared with the other two. This study also illustrates that using different allocation approaches in biodiesel LCA may influence the final conclusions, especially in comparative assertions, emphasising the need to perform a sensitivity analysis in the LCA interpretation step.
Document Type: Original Article
Publication date: 2010-03-01
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