Stress corrosion cracking of oil and gas pipelines in near neutral pH environment: review of recent research
Author: Zheng, W. Y.
Source: Energy Materials: Materials Science and Engineering for Energy Systems, Volume 3, Number 4, December 2008 , pp. 220-226(7)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Since the discovery of transgranular stress corrosion cracking (SCC) on a Canadian gas transmission line in 1985, much research has been conducted in the past 20 years. Findings of the effects of operating conditions, metallurgical and the environmental factors have been useful in preventing and mitigating failures. Several overviews of this problem can be found in the literature and the purpose of this update is to review the research results produced since the turn of the century. The recent report of SCC under static stressing conditions confirms that the cracking is indeed a true SCC process, although the rate of which is low without dynamic loading. In contrast to the high pH pipeline stress corrosion cracking in the carbonate–bicarbonate solution, this forms of cracking in dilute near neutral environment takes much longer time to initiate. Once initiated, the crack growth rate is highly sensitive to the loading rate of the applied mechanical force.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: CANMET Materials Technology Laboratory, Minerals and Metals Sector, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ont., Canada;, Email: Wenyue.Zheng@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca
Publication date: 2008-12-01
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