Recent advances in pneumococcal vaccination of children
Authors: Russell, Fiona; Mulholland, E. K.
Source: Annals of Tropical Paediatrics: International Child Health, Volume 24, Number 4, December 2004 , pp. 283-294(12)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Pneumococcal disease is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, there is a lack of epidemiological data to describe the vaccine-preventable burden of disease. New pneumococcal conjugate vaccines offer hope of preventing infant pneumococcal disease. The efficacy of the 7- and 9-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) against invasive vaccine-type pneumococcal disease in young children is between 77 and 97%. The PCV vaccine efficacy against radiological pneumonia in HIV-negative infants for the 7- or 9-valent PCV is 23–30%. The vaccine efficacy in HIV-positive infants is lower — 65% against invasive vaccine-type pneumococcal disease and no significant efficacy against radiological pneumonia. The 7-valent PCV showed modest efficacy against acute otitis media (7%) but seems to be more effective in preventing recurrent or severe disease. The high cost of these new vaccines is a barrier to their widespread introduction. The development of other pneumococcal vaccine candidates with wider serotype coverage should be encouraged. These vaccines should be affordable for all countries, particularly those with the highest burden of disease. In addition, other vaccination strategies such as maternal and neonatal immunisation and combinations of fewer doses of the PCV combined with an early dose of the cheaper pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine need to be assessed further.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Australia
Publication date: 2004-12-01
- In 2012 Annals of Tropical Paediatrics changed its name to Paediatrics and International Child Health to reflect changes and developments in the subject area. View the issues of Paediatrics and International Child Health available online.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Information for Advertisers
- Terms & Conditions
- Top articles
- Health Science Spotlight
- Abstracted in
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites