Chinese research into utilisation of coal waste in ceramics, refractories and cements
Authors: Li, N.; Han, B. Q.
Source: Advances in Applied Ceramics, Volume 105, Number 1, February 2006 , pp. 64-68(5)
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Abstract:Disposal of coal mine waste (gangue) presents a serious environmental problem. In the present paper, applications of siliceous and kaolinitic gangues in ceramics, refractories and cementing materials are reviewed. Coal gangue series mullite, superfine ?-SiC and Si3N4 powder have been prepared from siliceous gangue and carbon black, anthracite or bituminous coal. Using kaolinitic gangue with few impurities as raw materials, Al2O3–SiC and sialon–SiC composite powders, and sialon series powders including ?-sialon, O-sialon and X phase have also been synthesised successfully. Kaolinitic gangue has been used to produce porous ceramics, cordierite, cordierite–mullite insulating brick, anorthite lightweight brick and other lightweight aggregates. Calcined coal gangue had high activity of volcanic ash and may be used as a cement admixture. Alkali activation is another effective method of improving the strength of coal gangue based alkaline cementitious materials.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2006-02-01
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