Local effect of electric and magnetic fields on the position of an attached shock in a supersonic diffuser
Authors: Bobashev, S.; Vasil’eva, R.; Erofeev, A.; Lapushkina, T.; Poniaev, S.; Wie, D.
Source: Technical Physics, Volume 48, Number 2, February 2003 , pp. 177-184(8)
Publisher: MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Abstract:Effective ways for controlling shock wave configurations by means of external actions are sought. One such way is a local effect of electric and magnetic fields. In this paper, the local effect of external fields is implemented by current localization in a limited region of a diffuser. The experiment is carried out in a diffuser providing the complete internal compression of the gas with a Mach number at the inlet M=4.3. As a working medium, a xenon plasma is used. The plasma flow is formed in a shock tube equipped with an accelerating nozzle. Two ways of current localization are tested. In the first one, the diffuser inlet is a short channel of Faraday generator type. In this case, the ponderomotive force basically decelerates or accelerates the flow depending on the direction of the electric field. In the second way, the current flows through a narrow near-wall region between adjacent electrodes. In this case, the ponderomotive force compresses or expands the gas. In both cases, it is shown that the angle of an attached shock due to MHD interaction can be both decreased and increased. The central problem with the MHD control of shock waves is near-electrode and near-wall phenomena.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: Serguei.Poniaev@mail.ioffe.ru
Publication date: February 1, 2003