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Agent-Based Model of Price Competition, Capacity Choice, and Product Differentiation on Congested Networks

Authors: Zhang, Lei; Levinson, David M.; Zhu, Shanjiang

Source: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (JTEP), Volume 42, Number 3, September 2008 , pp. 435-461(27)

Publisher: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy

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Abstract:

Using consistent agent-based techniques, this research explores the welfare consequences of product differentiation on congested networks. The economic analysis focuses on the source, evolution, measurement, and impact of product differentiation with heterogeneous users on a mixed ownership network. Path differentiation and space differentiation are defined and measured for a base scenario and several variants. The findings favour a fixed-rate road pricing policy compared to complete pricing freedom on toll roads. It is also shown that the impact of production differentiation on welfare is not always positive and depends on the level of user heterogeneity.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • JTEP is international both in terms of authors and readership. Since it first appeared, more than 650 papers have been published from Europe, North America, the Pacific Rim/Australasia, Africa, Asia, and South America. This international variety is also reflected in the readership.

    Published three times a year, the journal covers all modes of transport and a wide variety of economic themes, including: Passenger Transport, Freight Transport, Shipping, Aviation, Transport Infrastructure, Environment & Energy, Traffic, Planning and Policy, Safety, Costs & Pricing, Competition, Evaluation, Productivity, Demand & Elasticities, Service Quality, Economies of Scale, Economics Regulation and Choice.

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