Privatisation and Deregulation of Urban Bus Services: An Analysis of Fare Evolution Mechanisms
Abstract:Urban bus systems have been privatised and deregulated in Britain, Santiago (Chile) and Colombo (Sri Lanka). Although similar regulations were applied in these cases, the outcomes observed were significantly different. We create an analytical model to explain such outcomes considering differing compositions of the bus fleet (number of operators competing and their frequencies of service) and passengers' valuation of time. We conclude that perfect competition is not likely to emerge in the urban bus market. However, while in some cases this economic distortion scarcely affects the results, in others it does so significantly. Our model accurately predicts the outcomes observed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-01-01
JTEP is international both in terms of authors and readership. Since it first appeared, more than 650 papers have been published from Europe, North America, the Pacific Rim/Australasia, Africa, Asia, and South America. This international variety is also reflected in the readership.
Published four times a year, the journal covers all modes of transport and a wide variety of economic themes, including: Passenger Transport, Freight Transport, Shipping, Aviation, Transport Infrastructure, Environment & Energy, Traffic, Planning and Policy, Safety, Costs & Pricing, Competition, Evaluation, Productivity, Demand & Elasticities, Service Quality, Economies of Scale, Economics Regulation and Choice.
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