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Archaeological Evidence of Christian Pilgrimage in Ephesus

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Ephesus has been a Christian pilgrimage centre of international reputation from the Early Byzantine era up to Medieval times. Without any doubt the main site of pilgrimage was the Basilica of St. John with his worshipped grave. According to the literary sources, St. John apparently had fulfilled the diffi- cult task of the cultic succession of the city goddess Artemis. Furthermore the Cemetery of the Seven Sleepers and probably the so-called Tomb of St. Luke and the so-called Grotto of St. Paul also can be linked with late antique/ early Byzantine pilgrimages. While almost no evidence in regard to pil- grimage activities in the post-Byzantine era (i.e.the period of the Ottoman Empire) exists, the archaeological as well as literary evidence from recent modern times point to a renewed interest in pilgrimages in Ephesus from the 19th century onwards.
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Keywords: BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE; BYZANTINE EPHESUS; CEMETERY; DEATH CULT; EULOGIA; MARY; PILGRIMAGE; SEVEN SLEEPERS; ST. JOHN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-12-01

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  • HEROM is an annual online journal presenting innovative contributions tothe study of material culture produced, exchanged, and consumed within the spheres of the Hellenistic kingdoms and the Roman world. The journal publishes papers in the full range of the scholarly field and in all relevant academic disciplines within the arts, humanities, social sciences and environmental sciences. herom creates a bridge between material culture specialists and the wider scientific community, with an interest in how humans interacted with and regarded artefacts from the late 4th century bc to the 7th century ad.

    The journal seeks to provide more visibility for studies of material culture in many ways which are not necessarily covered by existing scholarly journals or conference proceedings. herom studies material culture in its totality, with a view to clarifying the complex wider implications of such evidence for understanding a host of issues concerning the economy, society, daily life, politics, religion, history of the ancient world, among other aspects.
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