Characteristics of Monomeric Al Concentration in An Acidified River
Source: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Volume 130, Numbers 1-4, August 2001 , pp. 917-922(6)
Abstract:The Kusurisambetsu River is a tributary of the Noboribetsu River. These rivers flow through Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. Because the upper reaches of the river are acidified by a caldera lake and basin, the river water contains aluminum in high concentration, together with iron and sulfate. The drainage area at the lower reaches is not acidified. Therefore, the acidified water of the river is neutralized by the alkalinity of water from the drainage area. The water at the mouth is neutral in pH, although about 1 mg/L of aluminum is detected. Heavy rainfall occurred in Autumn 1993, and many adult salmon were killed at the lower reaches of the river. This prompted study of the neutralization process of river water, the Al concentration change, and the influence of rainfall. Determination of Al found total Al concentration to be roughly constant at the mouth of the Noboribetsu River. However, the concentration of monomeric Al varied with pH, which varied according to rainfall and flow volume. Monomeric Al showed a minimum concentration of roughly pH 6.0. At pH of greater than 6.0, the presence of some kinds of polymeric Al is determined by filtration fraction. This suggests that the death of salmon is caused by monomeric Al when conditions are acidic. Liming test of the river water confirmed that the monomeric Al that was toxic under acidic conditions became non-toxic under alkaline conditions.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Educational Federation of Fishery Associations of Hokkaido, 3–7, Chuouku, Sapporo 060-0003, Japan e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Noboribetsu Salmon Hatchery, Nakanoboribetsu 70, Noboribetsu, 059-0462, Japan 3: Educational Federation of Fishery Associations of Hokkaido, 3–7, Chuouku, Sapporo 060-0003, Japan
Publication date: August 2001