Simultaneous Determination of Gas and Particle Dry Deposition onto Conditioned Surrogate Surfaces
Source: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Volume 130, Numbers 1-4, August 2001 , pp. 535-540(6)
Abstract:Aerodynamically designed surrogate surfaces were used to determine the relative importance of gaseous (SO_2, HNO_3, NH_3) and particulate species (SO_4^2−, NO_3^−, NH_4^+, Ca^2+) in the dry deposition flux. For 11 sampling periods, we measured the deposition fluxes, ambient gaseous concentrations, size distributions of atmospheric aerosols and some meteorological parameters in Uji. The dry deposition of the gas to a nearly perfect sink was calculated by subtracting the greased surface flux from the total deposition flux to both the greased and reagent impregnated (or water) surface. It was found that the gas phase deposition contributed significantly more (60–93%) than the particulate phase to overall deposition of sulfur and nitrogen compounds. The dry deposition velocities of the species were also calculated using the deposition fluxes and the measured ambient concentrations. Comparisons were made between the measured and modeled particulate deposition flux.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan e-mail: email@example.com 2: Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
Publication date: August 1, 2001